Bible Archaeology

Bible Archaeology

Discovery Scripture Archaeologist
Walls of Jericho And seven priests shall bear before the ark seven trumpets of rams’ horns: and the seventh day ye shall compass the city seven times, and the priests shall blow with the trumpets. And it shall come to pass, that when they make a long blast with the ram’s horn, and when ye hear the sound of the trumpet, all the people shall shout with a great shout; and the wall of the city shall fall down flat, and the people shall ascend up every man straight before him. ~ Josh 6:4-5 Bryant Wood ~ late 20th century
Rahab’s house Then she let them down by a cord through the window: for her house was upon the town wall, and she dwelt upon the wall. ~ Josh 2:15 Bryant Wood ~ late 20th century
Prophet Balaam’s name inscription And Balak the son of Zippor saw all that Israel had done to the Amorites. … He sent messengers therefore unto Balaam the son of Beor to Pethor, which is by the river of the land of the children of his people, to call him, saying, Behold, there is a people come out from Egypt: behold, they cover the face of the earth, and they abide over against me: ~ Num 22:2, 5 Prof Henk J. Franken of the University of Leiden ~ Tel Deir’Alla, Succoth (Jordan), 1967
Tabernacle site And the whole congregation of the children of Israel assembled together at Shiloh, and set up the tabernacle of the congregation there. And the land was subdued before them. ~ Josh 18:1 Dr. Avital Faleh ~ Shiloh, Samaria
Fortified gates of Solomon And this is the reason of the levy which king Solomon raised; for to build the house of the LORD, and his own house, and Millo, and the wall of Jerusalem, and Hazor, and Megiddo, and Gezer. ~ 1Ki 9:15 Yigael Yadin ~ Megiddo, Hazor, and Gezer, 1957
Silver amulets of oldest scriptural texts, inscribed with a diamond stylus The sin of Judah is written with a pen of iron, and with the point of a diamond: it is graven upon the table of their heart, and upon the horns of your altars; ~ Jer 17:1 Judith Hadley, under supervisor Gordon Frunz & director Gabriel Barkay ~ Jerusalem, 1979
House of David inscription Then Jeroboam built Shechem in mount Ephraim, and dwelt therein; and went out from thence, and built Penuel. And Jeroboam said in his heart, Now shall the kingdom return to the house of David: If this people go up to do sacrifice in the house of the LORD at Jerusalem, then shall the heart of this people turn again unto their lord, even unto Rehoboam king of Judah, and they shall kill me, and go again to Rehoboam king of Judah. ~ 1 Ki 12:25-27, 33a Prof Avraham Biran ~ Tel Dan, 1993
Jeroboam’s Altar Whereupon the king took counsel, and made two calves of gold, and said unto them, It is too much for you to go up to Jerusalem: behold thy gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt. And he set the one in Bethel, and the other put he in Dan. … So he offered upon the altar which he had made in Bethel … ~ 1 Ki 12:28-29, 33a Prof Avraham Biran ~ Tel Dan
The City of David David took the strong hold of Zion: the same is the city of David. … So David dwelt in the fort, and called it the city of David. And David built round about from Millo and inward. And David went on, and grew great, and the LORD God of hosts was with him. And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar trees, and carpenters, and masons: and they built David an house. ~ 2 Sam 5:7b, 9-11 Multiple archaeologists, starting with Charles Warren ~ 1867
Azariah’s seal And Azariah the son of Hilkiah, the son of Meshullam, the son of Zadok, the son of Ahitub, the ruler of the house of God; ~ 1Ch 9:11 Yigal Shiloh ~ Ancient Jerusalem, 1978
Baruch’s seals Then read Baruch in the book the words of Jeremiah in the house of the LORD, in the chamber of Gemariah the son of Shaphan the scribe, in the higher court, at the entry of the new gate of the LORD’S house, in the ears of all the people. ~ Jer 36:10 1. Antiquities market ~ 44 mi sw of Jerusalem, 1975; 2. Yigal Shiloh ~ 1978; 3. Yigal Shiloh ~ 1995
Jerahmeel’s seal But the king commanded Jerahmeel the son of Hammelech, and Seraiah the son of Azriel, and Shelemiah the son of Abdeel, to take Baruch the scribe and Jeremiah the prophet: but the LORD hid them. ~ Jer 36:26 Antiquities market ~ 44 mis sw of Jerusalem, 1975
Gemariah’s seal

Then read Baruch in the book the words of Jeremiah in the house of the LORD, in the chamber of Gemariah the son of Shaphan the scribe, in the higher court, at the entry of the new gate of the LORD’S house, in the ears of all the people. ~ Jer 36:10 Yigal Shiloh ~ 1982
22 more seals verifying biblical characters Yigal Shiloh ~ 1982
Joab’s water shaft And David said on that day, Whosoever getteth up to the gutter, and smiteth the Jebusites … he shall be chief and captain. ~ 2 Sam 5:8a
This same Hezekiah also stopped the upper watercourse of Gion, and brought it straight down to the west side of the city of David. ~ 2 Chr 32:30a
Edward Robinson ~ 1938, Charles Warren ~ 1867, Benjamin Mazar ~ circa 1968-77; City of David
Solomon’s coronation site The king also said unto them, Take with you the servants of your lord, and cause Solomon my son to ride upon mine own mule, and bring him down to Gihon: And let Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet anoint him there king over Israel: ~ 1Ki 1:33-34a David Aleed ~ Gihon
Tower of Siloam Or those eighteen, upon whom the tower in Siloam fell, and slew them, think ye that they were sinners above all men that dwelt in Jerusalem? ~ Luk 13:4 Raymond Weill ~ City of David, 1913
Hezekiah’s tunnel
& wall
And when Hezekiah saw that Sennacherib was come, and that he was purposed to fight against Jerusalem … he strengthened himself, and built up all the wall that was broken, and raised it up to the towers, and another wall without … ~ 2 Chr 32:2, 5a Eli Shukron, Yehiel Zelinger ~ City of David
Nehemiah’s wall Then said I [Nehemiah] unto them, Ye see distress that we are in, how Jerusalem lieth waste, and the gates thereof are burned with fire: come, and let us build up the wall of Jerusalem, that we be no more a reproach. … And they fortified Jerusalem unto the broad wall. ~ Neh 2:17, 3:8b
Retaining walls surrounding Herod’s Temple
Robinson’s Arch Edward Robinson ~ 1938, Charles Warren ~ 1867, Benjamin Mazar ~ circa 1968-77; City of David
Pool of Siloam And said unto him, Go, wash in the pool of Siloam, (which is by interpretation, Sent.) He went his way therefore, and washed, and came seeing. ~ John 9:7 Eli Shukron, Ronny Reich ~ City of David, 2004
Pool stairs But the gate of the fountain repaired Shallun the son of Colhozeh, the ruler of part of Mizpah; he built it, and covered it, and set up the doors therof, the locks thereof, and the bars therof, and the wall of the pool of Siloah [Siloam] by the king’s garden, and unto the stairs that go down from the city of David. ~ Neh 3:15
King David’s palace And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, And cedar trees, and carpenters, and masons: and they built David an house. ~ 2 Sam 5:11 Dr. Eilat Mazar ~ just below the Temple Mount, 2005
Joshua’s altar Therefore it shall be when ye be gone over Jordan, that ye shall set up these stones, which I command you this day, in mount Ebal, and thou shalt plaister them with plaister. ~ Deut 27:4 Dr. Adam Zertal, 1980, Mt. Ebal in Samaria
Israelites’ campsite in Gilgal And the people came up out of Jordan on the tenth day of the first month, and encamped in Gilgal, in the east border of Jericho. ~ Josh 4:19 Dr. Adam Zertal

Bible Archaeology